Beneficial effects of prehospital use of statins in a large United States cohort of hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 patients.
Ocala Regional Medical Center
Humans, Female, United States, Aged, Middle Aged, Male, Cohort Studies, Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors, COVID-19, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome, Emergency Medical Services
Anesthesiology | Surgery | Virus Diseases
AIMS: This large cohort study aimed to assess the role of chronic statin use on COVID-19 disease severity.
METHODS: An observational retrospective study from electronic medical records of hospitalized patients (n = 43 950) with COVID-19 between January and September 2020 in 185 hospitals in the United States. A total of 38 875 patients met inclusion criteria; 23 066 were included in the propensity-matched sampling with replacement cohort; 11 533 were prehospital statin users. The primary outcome was all-cause death; secondary outcomes were death from COVID-19 and serious complications. Mean, standard deviation, chi-square test, Student's t-test, linear regression, and binary and multinomial logistic regressions were used for statistical analysis.
RESULTS: Among 38 875 patients, 30% were chronic statin users [mean age, 70.82 (±12.25); 47.1% women] and 70% were statin nonusers [mean age, 58.44 (±18.27); 48.5% women]. Key propensity-matched outcomes among 11 533 chronic statin users showed 20% lower risk of all-cause mortality (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.74-0.86, P < 0.001), 23% lower risk of mortality from COVID-19 (OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.71-0.84, P < 0.001), 16% lower risk of ICU admission (OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.79-0.89, P < 0.001), 24% lower risk of critical acute respiratory distress syndrome with COVID-19 (OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.70-0.83, P < 0.001), 23% lower risk of mechanical ventilation (OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.71-0.82, P < 0.001), 20% lower risk of severe sepsis with septic shock (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.67-0.93, P = 0.004), shorter hospital length of stay [9.87 (±8.94), P < 0.001] and brief duration of mechanical ventilation [8.90 (±8.94), P < 0.001].
CONCLUSION: Chronic use of statins is associated with reduced mortality and improved clinical outcomes in patients hospitalized for COVID-19.
Publisher or Conference
Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Crimi E, Rumana U, Ang DN, et al. Beneficial effects of prehospital use of statins in a large United States cohort of hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 patients. J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2023;24(3):172-183. doi:10.2459/JCM.0000000000001441