Implementation of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign in Patients With Heart Failure: Gender-Specific Outcomes
JFK Medical Center
infection, fluids, mortality, cardiomyopathy, gender
Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases | Infectious Disease | Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms
Limited data exist about the impact of gender-specific outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) who develop concomitant sepsis.
This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with HF who developed sepsis. Clinical outcomes, including in-hospital mortality, development of cardiogenic shock (CS), pulmonary edema requiring urgent intravenous diuretics (IVD), acute kidney injury (AKI), length of stay (LOS), and 30-day HF-related readmission, were evaluated in men vs. women.
This cohort of 618 patients includes 272 (44%) women with a mean age of 75±14 years. Coronary artery disease (p<0.0001), diabetes mellitus (p=0.0213), stage ≥ 3 chronic kidney disease (p<0.0001), and HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) (p=0.0015) were more prevalent in men. The implementation of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (i.e., intravenous (IV) crystalloids in the first six hours) was more aggressive in women (p=0.0192). There was no difference in in-hospital mortality (p=0.2385) between men and women. After adjusting for HF types, women with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) developed more episodes of pulmonary edema requiring urgent IVD (p=0.0389), while men with HFpEF had more CS requiring inotropes (p=0.0400) and a longer LOS (p=0.0434). Conversely, women with HFrEF were most likely to develop CS requiring inotropes (p=0.0132).
Women with HF who developed sepsis receive a more aggressive implementation of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign than men, leading to more pulmonary edema events in women with HFpEF and more cardiogenic shock in women with HFrEF. A cautiously tailored approach is desperately needed for patients with HF who develop sepsis.
Publisher or Conference
Al Abbasi B, Torres P, Ramos-Tuarez F, et al. (July 11, 2020) Implementation of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign in Patients With Heart Failure: Gender-Specific Outcomes. Cureus 12(7): e9140. doi:10.7759/cureus.9140