A low-cost texture-based pipeline for predicting myocardial tissue remodeling and fibrosis using cardiac ultrasound
Echocardiography, Machine learning, Radiomics, Clustering, Tissue characterization
Cardiology | Diagnosis | Investigative Techniques | Medical Anatomy
BackgroundMaturation of ultrasound myocardial tissue characterization may have far-reaching implications as a widely available alternative to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) for risk stratification in left ventricular (LV) remodeling.
MethodsWe extracted 328 texture-based features of myocardium from still ultrasound images. After we explored the phenotypes of myocardial textures using unsupervised similarity networks, global LV remodeling parameters were predicted using supervised machine learning models. Separately, we also developed supervised models for predicting the presence of myocardial fibrosis using another cohort who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). For the prediction, patients were divided into a training and test set (80:20).
FindingsTexture-based tissue feature extraction was feasible in 97% of total 534 patients. Interpatient similarity analysis delineated two patient groups based on the texture features: one group had more advanced LV remodeling parameters compared to the other group. Furthermore, this group was associated with a higher incidence of cardiac deaths (p = 0.001) and major adverse cardiac events (p < 0.001). The supervised models predicted reduced LV ejection fraction (<50%) and global longitudinal strain (<16%) with area under the receiver-operator-characteristics curves (ROC AUC) of 0.83 and 0.87 in the hold-out test set, respectively. Furthermore, the presence of myocardial fibrosis was predicted from only ultrasound myocardial texture with an ROC AUC of 0.84 (sensitivity 86.4% and specificity 83.3%) in the test set.
InterpretationUltrasound texture-based myocardial tissue characterization identified phenotypic features of LV remodeling from still ultrasound images. Further clinical validation may address critical barriers in the adoption of ultrasound techniques for myocardial tissue characterization.
Publisher or Conference
Kagiyama N, Shrestha S, Sun Cho J, Khalil M, et al. A low-cost texture-based pipeline for predicting myocardial tissue remodeling and fibrosis using cardiac ultrasound. EBioMedicine. 2020 Apr;54():102726. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2020.102726