Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Pulmonary Hypertension: A Review of Literature
LewisGale Medical Center
pulmonary hypertenion, obstructive sleep apnoea, obstructive sleep apnea
Cardiology | Internal Medicine | Nervous System Diseases | Pulmonology | Respiratory Tract Diseases
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disease process involving recurrent pharyngeal collapse during sleep, resulting in apneic episodes. Clinically, symptoms can include snoring, sudden awakening with a choking-like sensation, excessive somnolence, non-restorative sleep, difficulty in starting or maintaining sleep, and fatigue. It results in impaired gas exchange, subsequently causing various cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurocognitive pathologies. Historically, OSA has been underdiagnosed and undertreated, especially in women.
OSA is associated with WHO (World Health Organization) class III pulmonary hypertension (PH) or PH due to lung disease. PH is a concerning complication of OSA and thought to occur in roughly 20% of individuals with OSA. The pathogenesis of PH in OSA can include pulmonary artery vasoconstriction and remodeling. Patients suffering from OSA who develop PH tend to have worse cardiovascular and pulmonary changes. We present a thorough review of the literature examining the interplay between OSA and PH.
Publisher or Conference
Shah FA, Moronta S, Braford M, et al. Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Pulmonary Hypertension: A Review of Literature. Cureus. 2020;13(4):e14575. doi:10.7759/cureus.14575