Title

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Anemia in a Population With Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Division

West Florida

Hospital

Blake

Document Type

Manuscript

Publication Date

12-10-2020

Keywords

anemia, prevalence, hidradenitis suppurativa

Disciplines

Dermatology | Preventive Medicine | Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases

Abstract

Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is an inflammatory disease presenting as nodules evolving into scarred plaques. HS is associated with many co-morbidities, including anemia of chronic disease, though few studies report on this association.

Objectives: This study evaluated the prevalence of anemia among the HS patient population and potential associations between risk factors for HS and anemia development.

Methods: Records diagnosed HS patients in one private practice (BR) were reviewed by investigators. The 92-patient cohort was evaluated for multiple data-points and responses grouped based on age, gender, ethnicity, body mass index (BMI), smoking status, and comorbidities. Data were analyzed using STATA to perform descriptive analysis and bivariate analysis.

Results: The prevalence of anemia in this cohort was 41.3%. Of anemic patients, the majority were men (65.2%), African American (60.6%), and never/former smokers (48.6%). There was a significant increase in the odds of developing anemia in HS patients that are men (odds ratio (OR) 3.8) and African American (OR 3.5).

Conclusions: We show that the prevalence of anemia in an HS patient population greatly surpasses that of the U.S. population (~5%). It is clear that anemia is a significant complication for HS patients. We hope that physicians can recognize the importance of screening patients with HS for anemia to medically optimize treatment for their patients.

Publisher or Conference

Cureus

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