Implementing Point-of-Care Troponin Testing in the Emergency Department: Impact on Time to Result.
Acute coronary syndrome, Chest pain, Point-of-care testing, Troponin
Cardiology | Emergency Medicine | Nursing
INTRODUCTION: In the emergency department, troponin assays are commonly used and essential in the evaluation of chest pain and diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. This study was designed to assess the potential impact of implementing point-of-care troponin testing by comparing the time to point-of-care laboratory result and time to conventional laboratory result.
METHODS: The study enrolled 60 ED patients deemed to need a troponin test in the evaluation of low-risk chest pain (HEART scorehistory, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors). Point-of-care troponin testing was performed with the same blood sample obtained for a conventional troponin assay. If the provider determined that the patient required 2 troponin tests, the second laboratory draw was used in the data collection. This was to correlate the time of laboratory result to time of disposition.
RESULTS: Of the 60 subjects enrolled, 2 subjects were excluded because of user errors with the point-of-care testing equipment and 2 others for not meeting inclusion criteria on later review. The median times for the point-of-care troponin and conventional troponin assays were 11:00 minutes (interquartile range 10:00-15:30) and 40:00 minutes (interquartile range 31:30-52:30), respectively; P < 0.001. There were 3 extreme outliers from the conventional troponin assay that significantly skewed the distribution of the mean, making the median the more accurate assessment of the central tendency.
DISCUSSION: Point-of-care troponin testing provided results in a median time 29 minutes quicker than the conventional troponin assay. This result is statistically significant and has the potential to greatly improve time to disposition in all patients with chest pain requiring a troponin assay.
Publisher or Conference
Journal of Emergency Nursing
Hight M, Conklin K, Archer B, Sutherland J, Sakai B, Arnold D. Implementing Point-of-Care Troponin Testing in the Emergency Department: Impact on Time to Result [published online ahead of print, 2020 Dec 8]. J Emerg Nurs. 2020;S0099-1767(20)30212-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jen.2020.06.014