Acute Headache Due to Intracerebral Hemorrhage Secondary to Brain Metastases
Ocala Regional Medical Center
renal cell carcinoma, brain metastases, intracerebral hemorrhage, headache, abnormal computed tomography
Cardiovascular Diseases | Emergency Medicine | Neoplasms
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a relatively common condition seen throughout the world, with the vast majority of cases referring to primary ICH. However, secondary ICH from other underlying conditions is also possible. In the present case, the patient presented with severe headaches. An initial computed tomography (CT) was taken which showed hyperdense regions in both the occipital lobe and right lateral ventricle. The patient was hypertensive upon arrival, so medication was given to lower his blood pressure. Due to the patient’s history of hypertension, it was believed to be a case of primary ICH caused by high blood pressure, but because of the odd positioning of the hemorrhaging, it was recommended for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and angiography (MRA) to be taken. Using the MRI and MRA, it was found out that growing nodes were responsible for the hypodense regions on the CT. Considering the patient's history of renal cell carcinoma metastasizing to the abdomen and lungs, the nodes were diagnosed as brain metastasis (BM) developed from the patient’s past kidney cancer. Considering the hemorrhaging locations in the brain, it was concluded that the ICH was secondary to BM. After consulting neurosurgery and hematology, the patient was discharged to his family. Although not very prevalent in cases of ICH, BM is a cause that can not be overlooked. Sometimes initial imaging does not reveal such an underlying source. It is always important to pay close attention to the characteristics of the ICH so that it is possible to determine the true reason for the hemorrhage.
Publisher or Conference
Cohen-Neamie ZJ, Ganti L, Stead TS, Walker J, Fraunfelter F. Acute Headache Due to Intracerebral Hemorrhage Secondary to Brain Metastases. Cureus. 2021;13(8):e16889. doi:10.7759/cureus.16889