Title

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Adults: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Division

East Florida

Hospital

Aventura Hospital and Medical Center

Document Type

Case Report

Publication Date

3-3-2022

Keywords

COVID, Case report, MIS-A, Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome, Organ failure, Pandemics

Disciplines

Emergency Medicine | Immune System Diseases | Virus Diseases

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The current coronavirus disease pandemic has brought recognition of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults as a de novo entity, temporally associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 viral infection in adults. Hypothesis about its true pathophysiology remains controversial.

CASE REPORT: The patient was a 22-year-old African American female presenting to the emergency department with fever, sore throat, and neck swelling for the past 3 days. During her initial emergency department visit, her blood pressure was stable at 110/57 mmHg, temperature of 39.4 °C, and heart rate of 150 beats per minute. While in the emergency department, she received broad-spectrum antibiotics (vancomycin and ceftriaxone) and 30 cc/kg bolus of normal saline. Originally, she was admitted to a telemetry floor. The following night, a rapid response code was called due to hypotension. At that time, her blood pressure was 80/57 mmHg. She appeared comfortable without signs of respiratory distress. She received intravenous fluids and vasopressors, and was transferred to the intensive care unit. The patient had reported a previous coronavirus disease infection a few weeks prior. She was diagnosed and treated for multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adults. Intravenous immunoglobulin infusion was initiated and completed on hospital day 5. She was weaned off vasopressors by day 6, and discharged home on day 11.

CONCLUSION: Our case report is an example of the presentation, diagnosis, and management of multisystem inflammatory syndrome. Our research into previous case reports illustrates the wide range of presentations, degree of end organ damage, and treatment modalities. This diagnosis needs to be considered in the presence of recent coronavirus disease infection with new-onset end organ failure, as prompt diagnosis and treatment is crucial for better outcomes.

Publisher or Conference

Journal of Medical Case Reports

COinS