Midazolam Nasal Spray to Treat Intermittent, Stereotypic Episodes of Frequent Seizure Activity: Pharmacology and Clinical Role, a Comprehensive Review


North Florida


Ocala Regional Medical Center

Document Type

Review Article

Publication Date



intermittent seizures, midazolam, nasal spray


Anesthesiology | Emergency Medicine | Nervous System Diseases | Neurology


An intranasal formulation of midazolam, Nayzilam, has been FDA-approved to treat intermittent, stereotypic episodes of frequent seizure activity. Nayzilam is easy to administer and can quickly treat seizures that occur outside of the hospital. The intra-nasal route of administration allows non-medical personal to administer the drug which makes it more accessible and user-friendly in the event of a seizure. Many studies have indicated quick cessation of seizures with Nayzilam compared to rectal diazepam, which has been the standard of care treatment. Nayzilam has been proven to be safe and effective for acute seizures in children, deeming it a revolutionary alternative in times where intravenous administration is not possible.

Publisher or Conference

Health Psychology Research