Inotersen to Treat Polyneuropathy Associated with Hereditary Transthyretin (hATTR) Amyloidosis.


North Florida


Osceola Regional Medical Center

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Genetic therapy, RNAi, hereditary transthyretin-mediated amylodosis, protein misfolding, siRNA


Anesthesiology | Emergency Medicine | Investigative Techniques | Therapeutics


BACKGROUND: Amyloidosis is a group of diseases with the common pathophysiology of protein misfolding and aberrant deposition in tissue. There are both acquired and hereditary forms of this disease, and this review focuses on the latter hereditary transthyretin-mediated (hATTR). hATTR affects about 50,000 individuals globally and mostly appears as one of three syndromes - cardiac, polyneuropathy, and oculoleptomeningeal. Polyneuropathy is the most common form, and there is usually some overlap in individual patients.

RESULTS: Recently, novel therapeutic options emerged in the form of groundbreaking drugs, Patisiran and Inotersen, small interfering RNA molecules that target TTR and reduce the production of this protein. By targeting TTR mRNA transcripts, Inotersen decreases protein translation and production, reducing the deposition of misfolded proteins. It was shown to be both effective and safe for use and specifically formulated to concentrate in the liver - where protein production takes place.

CONCLUSION: hATTR is a rare, progressive, and debilitating disease. Its most common presentation is that of polyneuropathy, and it carries a very poor prognosis and a natural history conveying a median survival of < 12 years. Novel therapeutic options are groundbreaking by providing disease-modifying specific, targeted therapies against TTR production and deposition. The use of RNA interference (RNAi) opens the door to the treatment of hereditary diseases by targeting them at the genetic level.

Publisher or Conference

Health Psychology Research