The Extent of Sleep Deprivation and Daytime Sleepiness in Young Adults
Ocala Regional Medical Center
Epworth sleepiness scale, daytime sleepiness, sleep deprivation
Emergency Medicine | Neurology
BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation is a condition in which an individual does not get enough sleep, leading to a variety of negative effects on their physical and mental health. In the United States, sleep deprivation is a common problem, with many people not getting the recommended 7-9 hours of sleep per night. Excessive daytime sleepiness is also a common condition in the United States. It is characterized by a persistent feeling of fatigue or drowsiness during the day, despite getting enough sleep at night. The current study aims to document the frequency of sleepiness symptoms amongst the general US population.
METHODS: A web-based survey was conducted to assess the frequency of daily anxiety symptoms amongst adults residing in the United States. Questions from the Epworth Sleepiness Scale were used to quantify the burden of daytime sleepiness. JMP 16.0 for Mac OS was used to perform statistical analyses. Our Institutional Review Board gave the study an exempt determination (#2022-569).
RESULTS: In total, 9% of people qualified as having lower normal daytime sleepiness, 34% qualified as having higher normal daytime sleepiness, 26% qualified as having mild excessive daytime sleepiness, 17% qualified as having moderate excessive daytime sleepiness, and 17% qualified as having severe excessive daytime sleepiness.
LIMITATIONS: The present findings are based on cross-sectional survey data.
CONCLUSION: Although sleep is one of the most crucial bodily activities, our study of young adults found that more than 60% had moderate to severe sleep deprivation/daytime sleepiness as reported on the Epworth Sleepiness scale.
Publisher or Conference
Health Psychology Research
Rubin A, Mangal R, Stead TS, Walker J, Ganti L. The extent of sleep deprivation and daytime sleepiness in young adults. Health Psychol Res. 2023;11:74555.