Vaginal Bleeding Due to Iatrogenic Uterine Perforation - A Case Report


Far West


Riverside Community Hospital

Document Type

Case Report

Publication Date



Gynecology, vaginal bleeding, ultrasound, computed tomography


Emergency Medicine | Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications | Medicine and Health Sciences


Uterine perforation is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of gynecologic procedures. Serious complications include hemorrhage, infection, and injury to surrounding organ systems (eg, gastrointestinal, urological, vascular, etc.). Risk factors include advanced maternal age, prior gynecologic surgeries, and other anatomical features that impact the difficulty of accessing the uterine cavity. In this case report, we discuss a patient who presented to the emergency department (ED) with diffuse abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding that occurred after an elective dilation and curettage (D&C) for a termination of pregnancy. The diagnosis was suspected clinically and confirmed by imaging including ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis. The patient was managed operatively with a multidisciplinary approach including Gynecology, General Surgery, and Urology. The patient was stabilized and eventually discharged. Uterine perforation should be included in the differential for patients with a history of recent gynecologic instrumentation presenting with abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding. The stabilization of these patients requires aggressive volume resuscitation, controlling the source of bleeding, and emergent surgical consultation.

Publisher or Conference

Journal of Education and Teaching in Emergency Medicine