Children Ages One to Four are Disproportionally Affected by Chemical Burns in a Cross-sectional Analysis of NEISS 2012-2021
Riverside Community Hospital
Bleach, Burns, Chemical burns, Cosmetics, Detergents, Household care products, Laundry soaps, Ocular burns, Pediatrics, Personal care products, Prevention, Safety
Surgery | Trauma
BACKGROUND: Household cleaning and personal care products (HC&PCPs) are irreplaceable in most daily routines. However, data are sparse on chemical burns caused by HC&PCPs.
METHODS: We queried the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) from 2012 to 2021 to characterize chemical burns caused by HC&PCPs as well as the most common causative categories of HC&PCPs responsible for chemical burns.
RESULTS: We found 2729 total emergency department (ED) visits due to chemical burn injuries within the years 2012-2021 due to HC&PCPs. Chemical burns disproportionally affect children ages four and under, accounting for 36.4% of all patients. Within this subpopulation, boys were more frequently affected by chemical burns and the eyes were the most affected area. The most common HC&PCPs involved in chemical burns in individuals ages one to four were laundry soaps and detergents (22.0%) and bleaches (21.3%).
CONCLUSION: Children ages four and under are disproportionately affected by chemical burns due to non-intentional exposure of HC&PCPs, with laundry detergents and bleaches being the most common causative agents. Adequate storage of all HC&PCPs and improved parental supervision are paramount in preventing chemical burns in this age group.
Publisher or Conference
Oulee A, Waldrop I, Mendoza R, Onyekonwu C, Plurad DS, Sheets NW. Children ages one to four are disproportionally affected by chemical burns in a cross-sectional analysis of NEISS 2012-2021 [published online ahead of print, 2023 Mar 17]. Burns. 2023;S0305-4179(23)00046-3. doi:10.1016/j.burns.2023.03.008