pituitary gland, pituitary neoplasms, endocrine gland neoplasms
Internal Medicine | Neoplasms | Nervous System Diseases
The pituitary gland is also known as the master gland of the body because it regulates hormonal balance. The location of the pituitary gland is in the sella turcica posterior to the sphenoid sinus. The pituitary gland is divided into anterior pituitary, which is made of glandular tissue and posterior pituitary, which is composed of neural tissue. The pituitary gland is connected to the hypothalamus through the pituitary stalk, which consists of portal circulation for the anterior pituitary and neuronal connection for the posterior pituitary. The anterior pituitary gland is regulated by the hormones secreted by the hypothalamus, while the posterior pituitary hormones are produced by the hypothalamus itself and are then stored in the posterior pituitary for release.
Publisher or Conference
Butt WS, Srinivasan VN. Pituitary Cancer. [Updated 2020 Jun 30]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK559099/