An Incidental Discovery Following Hypertension and Headaches: A Pheochromocytoma Case Report
pheochromocytoma, diagnostic radiology, internal medicine, endocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Internal Medicine | Neoplasms | Radiology
Pheochromocytomas (PCC) are rare neuroendocrine tumors of the adrenal medulla that arise from chromaffin cells. These cells are neural crest derivatives and are innervated by the splanchnic nerve of the sympathetic nervous system which releases acetylcholine that in turn binds to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors of the adrenal medulla causing the release of catecholamines. The dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine released from these tumors are responsible for the episodic hyperadrenergic symptoms seen in these cases such as hypertension, palpitations, and headaches.
This case report discusses the incidental finding of a unilateral PCC in a 58-year-old woman who initially presented to our emergency department complaining of intermittent chest pain and headaches for two days.
Publisher or Conference
Lindblad G, Prater S, Hall A, et al. An Incidental Discovery Following Hypertension and Headaches: A Pheochromocytoma Case Report. Cureus. 2021;13(3):e13783. doi:10.7759/cureus.13783