Newly Acquired Factor VIII Deficiency in a Male Ex-Smoker: A Case Report
Grand Strand Medical Center
Acquired factor VIII deficiency, Acquired hemophilia A, Isolated PTT elevation, Solid malignancy.
Hemic and Lymphatic Diseases | Immune System Diseases | Internal Medicine
Introduction: Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) also known as acquired factor VIII (FVIII) deficiency is an acquired inhibition of coagulation by antibodies that either inhibit the activity or increase the clearance of a clotting factor (FVIII). Mortality in patients presenting with AHA is related to bleeding and hemorrhage, therefore rapid diagnosis and effective treatment are needed.
Case presentation: We present a case of a 59-year-old male with acquired VIII deficiency presenting with diffuse ecchymosis and bleeding diathesis. The patient was treated successfully with steroids and rituximab.
Clinical discussion: It is a rare autoimmune disorder caused by neutralization of Factor VIII by IgG antibodies. This can lead to severe, life threatening bleeding. Treatment involves replacement of FVIII and immunosuppression.
Conclusion: A key point to successfully treating AHA is to remove inhibitors and stop bleeding. Mortality in patients presenting with AHA is related to the bleeding and hemorrhage, therefore rapid diagnosis and effective treatment are needed.
Publisher or Conference
Annals of Medicine & Surgery
Singh P, Gorman B, Abdelsayed N, Faris M. Newly acquired factor VIII deficiency in a male Ex-smoker - A case report. Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2021;70:102830. Published 2021 Sep 11. doi:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102830