Trends and Factors Associated With Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: A National Perspective.


West Florida


Oak Hill Hospital

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mechanical ventilation, outcomes, predictors, trends, ventilation associated pneumonia


Bacterial Infections and Mycoses | Critical Care | Internal Medicine


BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a hospital-acquired pneumonia that occurs more than 48 hours after mechanical ventilation. Studies showing temporal trends, predictors, and outcomes of VAP are very limited.

OBJECTIVE: We used the National database to delineate the trends and predictors of VAP from 2009 to 2017.

METHODS: We analyzed data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for adult hospitalizations who received mechanical ventilation (MV) by using ICD-9/10-CM procedures codes. We excluded hospitalizations with length of stay (LOS) less than two days. VAP and other diagnoses of interest were identified by ICD-9/10-CM diagnosis codes. We then utilized the Cochran Armitage trend test and multivariate survey logistic regression models to analyze the data.

RESULTS: Out of a total of 5,155,068 hospitalizations who received mechanical ventilation, 93,432 (1.81%) developed VAP. Incidence of VAP decreased from 20/1000 in 2008 to 17/1000 in 2017 with a 5% decrease. Patients who developed VAP had lower mean age (59 vs 61; p

CONCLUSION: Our study identified the trends along with the risk predictors of VAP in MV patients. Our goal is to lay the foundation for further in-depth analysis of this trend for better risk stratification and development of preventive strategies to reduce the incidence of VAP among MV patients.

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