The Severity of the Co-infection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in COVID-19 Patients
Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point
covid-19 co-infection, pulmonary critical care, mycoplasma pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome [ards], sars-cov-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus -2), covid-19
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses | Critical Care | Internal Medicine | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Virus Diseases
Background and objective
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel coronavirus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, with symptoms ranging from mild upper respiratory illness to multisystem organ failure, and even death. Since its discovery in December 2019, the SARS-CoV-2 virus has led to a global pandemic, rapidly spreading to countries around the world, with millions of reported deaths to date. As researchers around the world continue to analyze and interpret the data gathered regarding the novel virus, it is evident that its co-infection with various bacterial pathogens is associated with a worse overall prognosis. One such bacterial pathogen, Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae), has been associated with an increase in inpatient mortality, length of hospital stay, and need for mechanical ventilation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and outcomes of patients co-infected with SARS-CoV-2 and M. pneumoniae. We sought to determine if this co-infection led to increased incidence of ventilatory support, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and mortality.
Materials and Methods
A multi-center retrospective study was conducted involving patients aged 18 years and older. We compared the incidence of in-hospital mortality, ICU stay, and mechanical ventilation support between COVID-19-positive patients with and without M. pneumoniae co-infection. Based on the collected data, a binary logistic regression model was implemented to assess the correlation between mortality and ventilatory support, while linear regression was used to study the length of stay (LOS) independent variable.
A total of 1,208 patients with a positive SARS-CoV-2 test were identified. Among them, 604 (50%) had an M. pneumoniae co-infection. LOS (95% CI for the coefficient estimate [0.86, 1.05], pM. pneumoniae infection.
COVID-19 with a concomitant M. pneumoniae infection was found to have worse outcomes and overall prognosis when compared to individuals with independent disease states. Based on retrospective data gathered from a large multicenter database, the rates of mortality, ventilatory support, and length of hospital stay were significantly worse in patients with a co-infection of SARS-CoV-2 and M. pneumoniae.
Publisher or Conference
Rangroo R, Young M, Davis A, et al. The Severity of the Co-infection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae in COVID-19 Patients. Cureus. 2022;14(4):e24563. doi:10.7759/cureus.24563