A Case of Recurrent Embolic Strokes in a Young Female With a Patent Foramen Ovale and Presumed Fibroelastoma.


South Atlantic


Grand Strand Medical Center

Document Type

Case Report

Publication Date



cerebrovascular accident, fibroelastoma, lupus anticoagulant, patent foramen ovale, protein s deficiency, rope index, stroke


Cardiovascular Diseases | Internal Medicine | Nervous System Diseases


Patent foramen ovale (PFO) occurs in about 25% of the population. PFO closure has been shown to decrease the risk of stroke in patients with recurrent strokes as compared to those treated with medical therapy alone, with more benefit in those with larger PFO sizes. Percutaneous PFO closure, although minimally invasive, does carry surgical risks, which must also be taken into account. We present a case of a 31-year-old female presenting with a left middle cerebellar artery (MCA) stroke and persistent deficits who was found to have both a PFO and presumed fibroelastoma on her aortic valve. She was treated with aspirin and apixaban and advised to follow up with cardiothoracic surgery once she recovered from her stroke for ultimate PFO closure and removal of the fibroelastoma. Unfortunately, she presented again less than one month later with recurrent cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) requiring urgent PFO closure. Our case stresses the importance of tools such as the Risk of Paradoxical Embolism (RoPE) score index when determining treatment plans for patients with PFO, and possible confounding factors such as the presence of an aortic valve fibroelastoma.

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