Approach to Cefepime-Induced Neurotoxicity in the Setting of Chronic Kidney Disease: A Case Report and Review of Literature
North Florida Regional Medical Center
cefepime, chronic kidney disease, comatose, hemodialysis, neurotoxicity
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications | Internal Medicine | Nervous System Diseases
Cefepime-induced neurotoxicity is well-known, but an under-recognized event that can present with a myriad of neurological findings ranging from myoclonus to seizures to comatose state. It is more prevalent in patients with impaired renal clearance as it is mainly cleared by the kidneys. We present a case of a 52-year-old female who was managed in the intensive care unit with severe encephalopathy following empiric antibiotic therapy with cefepime. Although we encountered some unforeseen difficulties executing our initial plan of renal replacement therapy, our patient was successfully treated with fluids and intravenous diuresis with furosemide and was ultimately discharged home with full recovery.
Publisher or Conference
Ruiz de Villa A, Charles K, Bassi R, Spencer S, Bazikian Y. Approach to Cefepime-Induced Neurotoxicity in the Setting of Chronic Kidney Disease: A Case Report and Review of Literature. Cureus. 2022;14(6):e26005. doi:10.7759/cureus.26005