Social Risk Factors That Increase Cardiovascular and Breast Cancer Risk


North Florida


North Florida Regional Medical Center

Document Type

Review Article

Publication Date



Breast cancer, Cardiovascular disease, Social risk factors


Internal Medicine


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and breast cancer (BC) are significant causes of mortality globally, imposing a substantial health burden. This review article aims to examine the shared risk factors and social determinants that contribute to the high prevalence of both diseases, with a focus on social risk factors.

RECENT FINDINGS: The common risk factors for CVD and BC, such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity, aging, and physical inactivity, are discussed, emphasizing their modifiability. Adhering to ideal cardiovascular health behaviors has shown a trend toward lower BC incidence. Increased risk of CVD-related mortality is significantly impacted by age and race in BC patients, especially those over 45 years old. Additionally, racial disparities in both diseases highlight the need for targeted interventions. Social determinants of health, including socioeconomic status, education, employment, and neighborhood context, significantly impact outcomes for both CVD and BC. Addressing social factors is vital in reducing the burden of both CVD and BC and improving overall health equity.

Publisher or Conference

Current Cardiology Reports