Clinical Outcomes and Resource Utilization in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease Hospitalized for Acute Coronary Syndrome


West Florida


Doctors Hospital of Sarasota

Document Type


Publication Date



Acute Coronary Syndrome, Critical Limb Ischemia, NSTEMI, Peripheral Arterial Disease, STEMI, Unstable Angina


Cardiovascular Diseases | Internal Medicine | Medicine and Health Sciences


Previous studies have shown an association between acute limb ischemia and higher mortality in patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction. Although Peripheral Artery Disease is a well-known risk factor for development of macrovascular pathology, the effect of its severity is not well investigated in patients hospitalized for Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Using a national cohort of patients with various degrees of Peripheral Arterial Disease, we investigated in-hospital outcomes in patients who were admitted for ACS. Using the 2016-2020 Nationwide Readmissions Database, we queried all patients who were hospitalized for ACS (Unstable Angina, Non ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction, and ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction). Patients were further divided into three groups, either No Peripheral Arterial Disease (Non-PAD), Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) or Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI). Multivariable models were designed to adjust for patient and hospital factors and examine the association between ACS and PAD severity. Of an approximately 3,834,181 hospitalizations for ACS, 6.4% had PAD, 0.2% had CLI and all other were Non-PAD. Following risk adjustment, in hospital mortality was higher by 24% in PAD (AOR 1.24, 95%CI 1.21-1.28) and 86% in CLI (AOR 1.86, 95%CI 1.62-2.09) compared to Non-PAD. Furthermore, PAD and CLI were linked to 1.23-fold (95%CI 1.20-1.26) and 1.67-fold (95%CI 1.45-1.86) greater odds of cardiogenic shock compared to Non-PAD. Additionally, PAD and CLI were linked with higher odds of mechanical circulatory support usage, cardiac arrest and acute kidney injury compared to Non-PAD. Lastly, duration of hospital stay, hospitalization costs and odds of non-home discharge and 30-day readmissions were greater in patients with PAD and CLI compared to Non-PAD. PAD severity was associated with worse clinical outcomes in patients with ACS, including in hospital mortality and resource utilization.

Publisher or Conference

The American Journal of Cardiology