False-Negative PET/CT scan with Metastatic Sebaceous Carcinoma: An Important Diagnostic Consideration.


West Florida


Oak Hill Hospital

Document Type

Case Report

Publication Date



False-negative PET/CT, diagnostic limitations, rare cancer, sebaceous carcinoma


Diagnosis | Internal Medicine | Medicine and Health Sciences | Neoplasms


UNLABELLED: Positron emission tomography (PET) has gained widespread acceptance as a valuable diagnostic tool for cancer. It is rare for a PET/CT scan to overlook the presence of metastatic disease. Sebaceous carcinoma is an uncommon malignant tumour that typically originates in the skin of the eyelid. In this case report, we present a unique case involving a metastatic sebaceous carcinoma that was not initially detected by a PET/CT scan in an 88-year-old female. Therefore, clinicians must maintain a heightened awareness of sebaceous carcinoma and exercise caution when making decisions solely based on PET scan results. It is crucial to recognise this potential limitation of PET scans in sebaceous carcinoma and consider further diagnostic approaches to ensure timely and accurate detection of sebaceous carcinoma.

LEARNING POINTS: PET scans may miss slow-growing tumours such as sebaceous carcinoma.A high index of suspicion for sebaceous carcinoma is crucial, even with negative PET scans. Additional diagnostic approaches might be necessary for accurate detection.Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare but aggressive cancer. Diagnosis can be challenging due to its varied presentations.

Publisher or Conference

European Journal of Case Reports in Internal Medicine