kidney stones, kidney calculi, kidney diseases
Family Medicine | Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications | Internal Medicine | Male Urogenital Diseases | Nephrology
Nephrolithiasis, or kidney stones, is the most common condition affecting the urinary system, affecting about 12% of the world population, with a yearly incidence of 600,000 in America. It is the result of a crystal or crystalline concretion traveling from the kidney through the genitourinary system. Kidney stones correlate with an increased risk of chronic kidney diseases, end-stage renal failure, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and hypertension.
Publisher or Conference
Nojaba L, Guzman N. Nephrolithiasis. [Updated 2020 Jun 22]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK559227/