virus diseases, infectious disease, myelitis, central nervous system infections
Diagnosis | Infectious Disease | Nervous System Diseases | Neurology | Virus Diseases
Poliomyelitis is an infectious disease transmitted by fecal-oral contamination, with lymphatic replication. Before global health efforts, polio caused widespread morbidity and mortality in children during multiple epidemics between 1900-1950. Due to worldwide vaccination efforts that began in the 1980s, poliomyelitis is now considered almost completely eradicated. This disease primarily impacts developing countries with poor sanitation. Healthcare providers in endemic regions should have a high suspicion of polio in patients with viral prodrome symptoms and new-onset paralysis. Consider early serologic testing because if undetected, this disease can cause a static flaccid paralysis in a minority of those infected. Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) is a progressive syndrome of muscular weakness that may occur later in life. In light of the recent increase in polio-like illnesses in the US, it is important to correctly differentiate between poliomyelitis and other viruses such as Enterovirus D68.
Publisher or Conference
Wolbert JG, Higginbotham K. Poliomyelitis (Polio) [Updated 2020 Jun 22]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK558944/