Total Hip Arthroplasty With Prophylactic Fixation of Greater Trochanter and Distal Femur in a Patient With a History of Multiple Myeloma and Breast Cancer.
Largo Medical Center
distal femur, femoral lesion, multiple myeloma, prophylactic fixation, total hip arthroplasty
Musculoskeletal Diseases | Orthopedics | Surgery | Surgical Procedures, Operative
Multiple myeloma is the most common primary malignancy of the bone marrow and may present as bone pain and/or pathologic fracture(s) in affected patients. Treatment of bone lesions typically consists of chemotherapy and radiation and may include prophylactic fixation in patients meeting specific criteria. This report reviews a case of a 74-year-old female with a history of multiple myeloma and breast cancer, previously treated with chemotherapy and radiation, who sustained a pathologic femoral neck fracture with associated ipsilateral lesions of the femoral shaft and peritrochanteric region. This patient received a total hip arthroplasty with a greater trochanteric claw plate and extended femoral stem for prophylactic fixation of the distal femur. In this report, the current literature surrounding the use of extended femoral stems for prophylactic fixation of femoral diaphyseal lesions will be reviewed and the above case will be presented. This case serves as a bridge between orthopedic oncology and arthroplasty as an extended femoral stem was used to prevent future pathologic fracture of distal femur lesions.
Publisher or Conference
Small T, Fox K, Edge L, Harker J. Total Hip Arthroplasty With Prophylactic Fixation of Greater Trochanter and Distal Femur in a Patient With a History of Multiple Myeloma and Breast Cancer. Cureus. 2023;15(4):e37971. doi:10.7759/cureus.37971