Title

Inoperable Left Renal Vein Leiomyosarcoma Refractory to Chemotherapy Invades Inferior Vena Cava and Right Atrium: A Case Report

Division

East Florida

Hospital

Aventura Hospital and Medical Center

Document Type

Case Report

Publication Date

2-6-2021

Keywords

radiology, radiation oncology, surgical oncology, primary leiomyosarcoma, ct abdomen, mri abdomen

Disciplines

Neoplasms | Oncology | Radiology | Surgery

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells differentiate into a plethora of cell types. These differentiated cell types include osteoblasts, chondrocytes, myocytes, and adipocytes. Sarcomas occur secondary to malignant transformation of these mesenchymal, pluripotent stem cells. Involuntary smooth muscle is responsible for the make up of hollow organs and vasculature in our body and is regulated by our autonomic nervous system, hormones, as well as chemical and local mediators. Cancer involving smooth muscle cells is designated as leiomyosarcoma (LMS). LMS can arise from any location in the body where smooth muscle is present and is frequently reported in the abdomen and pelvis, as well as the trunk, extremities, and throughout the retroperitoneum.

Publisher or Conference

Cureus

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