Ischemic Stroke due to Intracranial Embolization of a Pelvic Phlebolith in a Pregnant Patient Successfully Treated by Surgical Embolectomy following Attempted Endovascular Thrombectomy
ischemic stroke, cerebral embolus
Cardiovascular Diseases | Nervous System Diseases | Radiology
An unusual case of ischemic stroke due to calcified cerebral embolus occurring in a pregnant patient during the peripartum period is reported. The source of the embolus was suspected to be a pelvic phlebolith in origin which paradoxically embolized via a patent foramen ovale to the supraclinoid right internal carotid artery. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of calcified cerebral embolus attributed to paradoxical embolism of a pelvic phlebolith, and we theorize that introduction of the phlebolith into the venous system may have occurred as a consequence of vascular remodeling due to pregnancy-related hemodynamic changes. Clinicians should be aware of this potential source of calcified cerebral emboli in patients with a patent foramen ovale during pregnancy. Our patient ultimately achieved an excellent outcome with surgical endarterectomy and embolectomy following an unsuccessful attempt at mechanical thrombectomy.
Publisher or Conference
Case Reports in Radiology
Azad S, Anson J, Majic T, Lev R, Kostanian V. Ischemic Stroke due to Intracranial Embolization of a Pelvic Phlebolith in a Pregnant Patient Successfully Treated by Surgical Embolectomy following Attempted Endovascular Thrombectomy. Case Rep Radiol. 2023;2023:1653631. doi:10.1155/2023/1653631