Rotational Extraction of Incarcerated Iris (REII): A Slit Lamp Technique to Reduce Incarcerated Iris After Nonpenetrating Deep Sclerectomy for Glaucoma
Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point
Glaucoma, Iris incarceration, Iris sweep, Nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy, YAG goniopuncture
Eye Diseases | Ophthalmology | Surgical Procedures, Operative
PURPOSE: Iris incarceration is a complication of glaucoma filtering surgery that often requires surgery. We describe a technique for reduction of incarcerated iris at the slit lamp, dubbed rotational extraction of incarcerated iris (REII). A retrospective analysis of visual function and intraocular pressure (IOP) was done in patients treated with REII after nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy.
METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a cohort of patients who received REII for iris incarceration after nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy for glaucoma. IOP (applanation) and visual acuity (VA) were measured day-of, and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post-REII. Adverse events were recorded. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was done with definitions of IOP control at 15, 18, and 21 mmHg.
RESULTS: Forty-one eyes of 41 patients were treated with REII. Median time to iris incarceration from glaucoma surgery was 50 days (range 1-1906). Mean pre-REII IOP ± SD was 33.7 ± 14.1 mmHg, which reduced to 11.5 ± 6.1 mmHg day-of. LogMAR VA was 0.72 ± 0.8 log units at baseline and was unchanged at 12 months (P = 0.53). Survival analysis demonstrated varying efficacy depending on the definition of success. 79.0 to 92.2% of eyes achieved IOP control immediately after REII, 39.5 to 71.1% at 1 month, 26.3 to 52.6% at 3 months, 21.1 to 44.3% at 6 months, and 10.5 to 38.0% at 12 months. Nearly half (47.4%) of eyes required a tube shunt by 12 months.
CONCLUSION: REII may be a safe, minimally invasive slit lamp procedure that can reduce incarcerated iris and delay more invasive intervention for 3-6 months in most eyes.
Publisher or Conference
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Slagle G, Griffin J, Sponsel WE. Rotational extraction of incarcerated iris (REII): a slit lamp technique to reduce incarcerated iris after nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy for glaucoma [published online ahead of print, 2022 Apr 20]. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2022;10.1007/s00417-022-05670-1. doi:10.1007/s00417-022-05670-1