Rotational Extraction of Incarcerated Iris (REII): A Slit Lamp Technique to Reduce Incarcerated Iris After Nonpenetrating Deep Sclerectomy for Glaucoma


West Florida


Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point

Document Type

Case Report

Publication Date



Glaucoma, Iris incarceration, Iris sweep, Nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy, YAG goniopuncture


Eye Diseases | Ophthalmology | Surgical Procedures, Operative


PURPOSE: Iris incarceration is a complication of glaucoma filtering surgery that often requires surgery. We describe a technique for reduction of incarcerated iris at the slit lamp, dubbed rotational extraction of incarcerated iris (REII). A retrospective analysis of visual function and intraocular pressure (IOP) was done in patients treated with REII after nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy.

METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a cohort of patients who received REII for iris incarceration after nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy for glaucoma. IOP (applanation) and visual acuity (VA) were measured day-of, and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post-REII. Adverse events were recorded. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was done with definitions of IOP control at 15, 18, and 21 mmHg.

RESULTS: Forty-one eyes of 41 patients were treated with REII. Median time to iris incarceration from glaucoma surgery was 50 days (range 1-1906). Mean pre-REII IOP ± SD was 33.7 ± 14.1 mmHg, which reduced to 11.5 ± 6.1 mmHg day-of. LogMAR VA was 0.72 ± 0.8 log units at baseline and was unchanged at 12 months (P = 0.53). Survival analysis demonstrated varying efficacy depending on the definition of success. 79.0 to 92.2% of eyes achieved IOP control immediately after REII, 39.5 to 71.1% at 1 month, 26.3 to 52.6% at 3 months, 21.1 to 44.3% at 6 months, and 10.5 to 38.0% at 12 months. Nearly half (47.4%) of eyes required a tube shunt by 12 months.

CONCLUSION: REII may be a safe, minimally invasive slit lamp procedure that can reduce incarcerated iris and delay more invasive intervention for 3-6 months in most eyes.

Publisher or Conference

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology