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leprosy, mycobacterium infections, Hansen's disease, Mycobacterium leprae, Mycobacterium lepromatosis, gram positive bacterial infection
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses | Epidemiology | Infectious Disease | Internal Medicine
- Leprosy is caused by acid-fast bacilli of the M. leprae complex, which includes M. leprae and M. lepromatosis.
- Transmission in the U.S. is rare, but has been documented in hunters who handle wild ninebanded armadillo.
- The origins of M. leprae infection among armadillos, the geographic range of the infected animals, and the potential risks infected armadillos present to people have been topics of concern.
- The infection originated amongst armadillos decades before they were ever used in leprosy research, and numerous surveys have confirmed that armadillos in the southern United States are a large natural reservoir for M. leprae; its prevalence exceeds 20% in some locales.
Lugo, Adrian MD; Studsrud, Taylor MD; Dabage, Nemer MD; and DeMaio, James MD, "A Rare Case of Leprosy in West Florida" (2020). West Florida Division Virtual Research Day. 44.