Efficacy and Safety of Mavacamten in the Treatment of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: A Systematic Review


North Florida


North Florida Regional Medical Center

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Cardiac muscle, Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, Mavacamten, Myosin inhibitor


Cardiovascular Diseases | Internal Medicine


BACKGROUND: Current pharmacological options for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are not disease-specific; while it treats symptoms, mavacamten targets the underlying pathology. We aim to assess the efficacy and safety of mavacamten, a first-in-class cardiac myosin inhibitor, in symptomatic obstructive HCM.

METHODS: This systematic review of the literature followed the PRISMA guidelines. Title/abstract and topics were searched using the following term: "mavacamten". The electronic research literature databases included the Cochrane Library, MedLine, and clinicaltrials.gov from July to August 2022. Primary efficacy endpoint was to assess clinical response at the end of treatment compared with baseline, defined as, at least one New York Heart Association (NYHA) class reduction. Two secondary endpoints from baseline were determined. The first was defined as improvement in mixed venous oxygen pressure (pVO

RESULTS: We included in our analyses data from four studies that met our review eligibility criteria. There were three randomised placebo-controlled clinical trials and one non-randomised open-label clinical trial. All four studies showed a reduction in NYHA class from mavacamten use. Three out of four studies demonstrated >1 NYHA functional class improvement ranging from 34% to 80%, while only one study showed a smaller percentage of patients remaining at class 3. Three out of four studies measured pVO

CONCLUSIONS: Mavacamten has a greater efficacy than placebo in the treatment of HCM. It also showed promising tolerability and efficacy profiles in the treatment of HCM in adults. The three endpoints used in the evaluation of studies were reduction in NYHA class, increase in pVO

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Heart, Lung, and Circulation