Bruce Deighton, PhD, Vice President of Graduate Medical Education, HCA Healthcare, Brentwood, TN

Dr. Deighton is a leader in medical education with more than 40 years’ experience, specializing in strategic planning, medical education design and development, and physician workforce development. As Vice President of Graduate Medical Education for HCA Healthcare, he is primarily focused on developing GME strategies for teaching hospitals in 15 states. Prior to joining HCA Healthcare, he served as Vice President of Academic Affairs and DIO for the Detroit Medical Center. He chaired the national Graduate Medical Education Advisory Committee for Tenet Healthcare during his time there. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Central Michigan University, and holds a master of education degree in medical education and doctor of philosophy in medical education evaluation and research from Wayne State University.

Clinical Co-Editors

Alex Akhondi, MD, FACP, Internal Medicine, West Florida Hospital, Pensacola, FL

Dr. Akhondi is a board certified internist and hospitalist with some orthopedic background. He worked in the Georgetown University and Johns Hopkins systems in the DC area for a decade before joining HCA Healthcare. He is the Program Director of Internal Medicine Residency in the West Florida Hospital and also a Professor of Medicine for University of Central Florida. He has a strong academic background with more than 90 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters, as well as more than 140 presentations by invitation.

D. Scott Lind, MD, Surgery, Orange Park Medical Center, Orange Park, FL

Dr. Lind is a board-certified general and oncologic surgeon who currently serves as the general surgery program director at HCA-Orange Park Medical Center in Orange Park, Florida. He has held numerous leadership positions throughout his career most recently as Professor, Chairman and General Surgery Residency Program Director at the University of Florida College of Medicine in Jacksonville and, immediately prior to that position, he was Professor and Chairman at Drexel University College of Medicine in Philadelphia. He has a strong academic background with more than 160 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters. His academic interests include skin and breast cancer as well as the study of simulation in medical education.

Editorial Board

J. Scott Anderson, MD, Psychiatry, TriStar Centennial Medical Center, Nashville, TN

Dr. Anderson received his medical degree from Indiana University Medical School in Indianapolis, IN, and completed his residency training in psychiatry at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, TN. He is certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology and has been a practicing psychiatrist at TriStar Centennial Medical Center since 2014. He is the Director for the TriStar Centennial Psychiatric Residency program and Director of Geriatric Services at Parthenon Pavilion.

Jeremy Brooks, LMSW, Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, HCA Healthcare, Nashville, TN

Jeremy Brooks is Director of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Education with HCA Healthcare. He has a passion for ensuring that humans connect with community through personal story, reflection, and shared learning. Jeremy is a Licensed Master Social Worker (LMSW), holding a Master of Social Work from the University of Southern California and Bachelor degrees in psychology and social work from Troy University. He is also a Master of Divinity candidate at Vanderbilt University. As a volunteer, Jeremy serves on the board of directors for Shower the People, the Young Leaders Society with the United Way of Greater Nashville, and the advisory board for NeedLink Nashville.

When not engaging colleagues in learning, Jeremy enjoys serving those who are unhoused and volunteering in faith communities in Nashville. He can also be heard cheering for USC Trojans football or scouting out dog parks and hiking trails with his best friends: Rockwell, Molly, and Teddy.

L. Hayley Burgess, Pharm.D., MBA, BCPP, CPPS, Pharmacy, Care Delivery Systems and Pharmacy Services Clinical Operations Group, HCA Healthcare, Nashville, TN

Dr. Burgess is a board certified psychiatric pharmacist and the Associate Vice President of Pharmacy Services and Care Delivery Systems for the Clinical Operations Group of HCA Healthcare. She is the Program Director for the PGY2 Medication Safety Use and Policy residency and adjunct clinical professor for Belmont, Lipscomb and University of Tennessee Schools of Pharmacy. Dr. Burgess received her Doctor of Pharmacy degree from Samford University in Birmingham, Alabama. She completed a post-doctoral residency and clinical science research fellowship in Neurobiology and Psychiatric Pharmacology/Pharmacoeconomics at the University of Texas Health Science Center in San Antonio. She has a Masters in Healthcare Business Administration and is a Certified Professional in Patient Safety.

Steve Carpenter, MD, MACP, Gastroenterology, Mercer University School of Medicine, Savannah, GA

Dr. Carpenter is a Professor of Medicine at Mercer University School of Medicine and the Academic Chair of the Department of Internal Medicine at Memorial Health University Medical Center in Savannah, GA. He is the Medical Director of the GI endoscopy unit at Memorial, where he was the internal medicine Program Director from 2006–2012. He has a strong interest in continuing medical education and directs internal medicine grand rounds at Memorial. He is very active with internal medicine maintenance of certification educational activities at Memorial and with the GA ACP chapter. He has prior journal review experience with the American Journal of Gastroenterology and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

Robert Chait, MD, FACC, FACP, Cardiology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL

Dr. Chait is board certified in cardiovascular disease since 1981. He has been Program Director of the Cardiology Fellowship since its inception 3.5 years ago and is an affiliated Clinical Professor of Medicine at the University of Miami, School of Medicine. Dr. Chait was in private practice from 1981-2015. He has multiple publications, several Grand Rounds and conference presentations, and is an active peer reviewer for several different journals.

Chi Dola, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA

Dr. Dola is the Warren and Adolf Jacobs Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Section Chief of Maternal-Fetal Medicine at Tulane University School of Medicine in New Orleans, LA. She received her combined MD/MPH degrees from Tulane School of Medicine. She completed a residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Tulane and a fellowship in Maternal-Fetal Medicine from the University of California, Irvine. She actively contributes to graduate medical education as the Assistant Designated Institutional Official at Tulane and Residency Program Director for the Tulane Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency program.

Mary Downing, MD, FACP, Internal Medicine, Memorial Health University Medical Center, Savannah, GA

Dr. Downing is a graduate of Duke University and Tulane University School of Medicine. She completed her internal medicine training at Memorial Health University Medical Center and trained in vascular medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation. She began her career in private practice, first in Savannah and later in New Orleans. As a native Savannahian, she was drawn to address health disparities in her hometown by training much needed new physicians. She has been core faculty for the internal medicine residency at Memorial since 2012 and was named program director in January, 2020. She has served as co-director for the IM/Savannah accelerated tract program. In 2012, she was appointed to Mercer University School of Medicine faculty where she is an assistant professor of medicine.

Julia Fashner, MD, MPH, FAAFP, Family Medicine, HCA Florida Saint Lucie Hospital

Dr. Fashner is a board-certified family physician and Associate Program Director for the Family Medicine Residency at HCA Florida Saint Lucie Hospital. She has over 20 years of GME experience and completed a faculty development fellowship where she developed skills for research and quality improvement. She also has been involved with peer review for several family medicine journals. Dr. Fashner completed her MPH at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health where she learned how to perform her own statistical analyses. She has presented over 40 times at state and national meetings and has over 40 peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Fashner has a passion for teaching evidence-based medicine and infusing curiosity in residents and students in order for them to become lifelong learners.

Barbara Gracious, MD, Psychiatry, Orange Park Medical Center, Orange Park, FL

Dr. Gracious is board certified in Internal Medicine and Adult and Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. She is an Associate Professor of Psychiatry at Edward Via College of Medicine and Adjunct Associate Professor at The Ohio State University. She is the GME Program Director for Psychiatry at Orange Park Medical Center, FL. Her clinical expertise is in bipolar disorder, women’s mental health, and metabolic side effects and psychotropic-induced weight gain. She has conducted independent prospective research in vitamin D and psychosis, bone effects of antidepressants in youth, diet and mental illness severity, and micronutrient supplements for ADHD in youth. Her philanthropy interests include homelessness and food insecurity. She is a graduate of Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

Julie Jacko, PhD, Population Health Sciences, Nova Southeastern University Dr. Kiran C. Patel College of Allopathic Medicine, Fort Lauderdale, FL

Dr. Jacko is Professor and Founding Chair of the Department of Population Health Science in the NSU Kiran C. Patel College of Allopathic Medicine; and Professor in the NSU Huizenga College of Business and Entrepreneurship. She is a scholar and innovator in the domains of digital health and smart systems. Her 180 publications have appeared in preeminent scientific journals, and her record of extramurally funded research awards includes the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE). An expert consultant for the healthcare and IT industries, Dr. Jacko has an innate passion for entrepreneurial endeavors and was recognized as a top entrepreneur in Miami, Florida for having created "one of the city’s most prolific businesses."

Rahul Kashyap, MD, Anesthesiology and Critical Care, HCA Healthcare Graduate Medical Education, Nashville, TN

Dr. Kashyap is the Division Director for Research at TriStar Division in Nashville, TN. He is also Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology at the College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic. He has co-edited the book Mayo Clinic Critical Care Case Review and has been an associate editor of several journals, including the International Journal of Medical Students, Frontiers-Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine. He is a widely published author of over 400 journal publications with over 5000 citations and over 10 book chapters. He has led several national and international clinical studies, registries and trials. Most recently, he was the lead investigator for the VIRUS: COVId-19 registry with the collaboration of the Mayo Clinic and Society of Critical Care Medicine, which was first of its kind during the early pandemic in March 2020.

Sahil Khanna, MBBS, MS, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

Dr. Khanna is a Professor of Medicine in the Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. His research and clinical interests include epidemiology, outcomes and emerging therapeutics for Clostridium difficile infection, an arena in which he has had numerous publications and presentations. Dr. Khanna directs the Comprehensive Gastroenterology Interest Group, C. difficile Clinic, Fecal Microbiota Transplantation program and C. difficile-related clinical Trials at the Mayo Clinic. He has over 120 publications and serves as reviewer and on the editorial board of several journals. He has won numerous awards including the Miles and Shirley Fiterman Award, Mayo Brothers Distinguished Fellowship Award, Donald C. Balfour Mayo Clinic Alumni Association Research Award and Hartz Foundation Young Investigators' Scholarship and the Most Distinguished Resident Physician Award from the American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin.

Sewon Lee, MD, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sunrise Graduate Medical Education Consortium, Las Vegas, NV

Dr. Lee is a Program Director of the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) Residency program at Sunrise Graduate Medical Education Consortium in Las Vegas and Clinical Associate Professor at the University of Nevada at Reno. Dr. Lee has served as PM&R Sports Medicine Fellowship Director and was Associate Professor at Albert Einstein College of Medicine prior to joining HCA Healthcare. Dr. Lee has authored a book on management of chronic musculoskeletal disorder and published numerous peer-reviewed articles in the different areas of PM&R.

Abhishek Lunagariya, MD, MHA, Stroke and Vascular Neurology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, FL

Dr. Lunagariya is an assistant professor of Neurology the University of Central Florida. He is a stroke expert with dual training and board certification in Neurology and Vascular Neurology. He received Stroke and Vascular Neurology training at the University of California, San Diego under the tutelage of world-renowned stroke expert, Dr. Justin Zivin. Dr. Lunagariya is active in stroke research and is a recipient of the prestigious "National Institute of Health StrokeNet-SPOTRIAS" funding award. He is frequently invited to various national and international conferences to share his expertise. He also serves on the editorial board and as a reviewer of multiple neurology/stroke journals. His interests include leadership, healthcare administration and stroke systems of care.

Sherri Morgan, MD, MBA, MPH, FAAFP, Family Medicine, HCA Medical City Healthcare North Texas Division

Dr. Morgan is a board certified Family Medicine Physician who currently serves as the Division Vice President for GME with HCA Medical City Healthcare located in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. She also serves as the DIO for the HCA Medical City Healthcare UNT-TCU Graduate Medical Education Consortium which sponsors over 14 residency and fellowship programs. She completed an academic medicine fellowship at the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine and has over 20 years of experience in graduate medical education. She continues to publish in peer-reviewed journals with her most recent publication in the AAFP FP Essentials. She has served on the AFMRD Board of Directors, AAFP Commission on Education and continues to serve on several Texas Academy of Family Physicians committees.

Vishwanath Pattan, MD, Endocrinology, SUNY Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse, NY

Dr. Pattan is board certified internist and endocrinologist currently working as Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism at SUNY Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse, NY. Prior to this he served as Medical Director for the Division of Endocrinology at Wyoming Medical Center in Casper, WY. He completed medical school at Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences in his hometown of Hubli, India. He did a residency in pharmacology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi and another in internal medicine at Raritan Bay Medical Center in New Jersey. Dr. Pattan did his endocrinology fellowship at Harbor UCLA/City of Hope in California and was a research fellow at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota. In his down time he enjoys playing cricket, hiking and swimming.

Anthony Pearson-Shaver, MD, MHSA, FAAP, FCCM, Pediatrics, Palm West Hospital, Loxahatchee, FL

Dr. Pearson-Shaver is the Pediatric Residency Program Director at Palms West Hospital. Trained as a pediatric intensivist, Dr. Pearson-Shaver practiced for 26 years at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University. He completed a Master of Health Services Administration in May 2000. Dr. Pearson-Shaver retired from the Medical College of Georgia to become the Thomas B. and Doris E. Black Professor and Chair of the Department of Pediatrics at the Mercer University School of Medicine and the Medical Director of the Children’s Hospital Navicent Health in Macon, Georgia. After a successful term as a Department Chair, Dr. Pearson-Shaver moved to South Florida to continue the work of program building, curriculum development and teaching.

Carlos Vargas, DO, Cardiology Fellow, Corpus Christi Medical Center, Corpus Christi, TX

Dr. Vargas is a board certified internist and currently in his first year in cardiology fellowship training at Corpus Christi Medical Center. He completed his internal medicine residency at Corpus Christi Medical Center where he also served as Chief Resident. Dr. Vargas is a graduate of Pacific Northwest University Health Sciences in Yakima, Washington. He has a passion for teaching medical students and residents. He has multiple publications and conference presentations. His clinical interest is electrophysiology.

Mina Bhatnagar, MD, Internal Medicine Resident, MountainView Hospital, Las Vegas, NV

Dr. Bhatnagar is a UK-born, American-trained physician with a passion for Cardiology that preceded medical school. She has been working towards her goal of becoming an excellent Cardiologist ever since and is currently serving her community as an Internal Medicine resident in Las Vegas, NV. Dr. Bhatnagar has held a number of leadership roles in research throughout her journey, including her position as a Clinical Research Fellow at Cleveland Clinic, Florida and sub-investigator on a trial for a medical device on its way to being FDA approved. She is the mother to an adorably fluffy Pomeranian.

Christian Scheufele, DO, Dermatology Fellow, HCA Medical City Fort Worth, TX

Dr. Scheufele is a staff physician in the Dermatology department at the University of North Texas Health Science Center. He graduated from Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine in Erie, PA. He completed his transitional year internship at University Hospitals Richmond Medical Center in Cleveland, OH followed by a 2-year cutaneous oncology research fellowship at University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center. He will be starting his Dermatology residency at HCA Medical City Fort Worth in July 2022. He has multiple publications and conference presentations. He has a passion for serving his patients and empowering them to become an advocate for their own health. His clinical interests include surgical interventions in the field of Dermatology and educating primary care clinicians about the varying morphologies of dermatologic diseases in different skin tones.

Managing Editor

Graig Donini

Production Editors

Jan Haley, MLS

Mary Alice Keller, PhD

Lindsay Million, MLIS

Lindsay Pate, MLIS

Ashton Stahl

Marketing and Communications

Tyler Browning, Marketing, Physician Services Group


Jessica Wells

Advisory Board

Kahlid Abusaada, MD, FACP

Michael Allswede, DO

Anya Andrews, PhD, PMP

David Baxter, MD

Steven Carpenter, MD, MACP, AGAF, FASGE, FACG

Christopher Corbit, MD, FACEP

Nemer Dabage-Forzoli, MD, FACP

Lora Denton, MD, FACP

Donald Eagerton, MD, FACE, FACP, CCD

Latha Ganti, MD, MS, MBA, FACEP

Maryam Gondal, MBBS, MD

Joshua Hagan, MD

Nannette Hoffman, MD

Chris Kaufmann, MD, MPH, FACS, DMCC, FCPS (Hon)

Philip Kondylis, MD, FACS, FASCRS

Merrill Krolick, DO

Michaiah Madhrira, MD, MPH, FASN

Melissa Mendez, MD


Jonathan Pangia, DO, FACEP

Anush Pillai, DO, FAAFP

David Quillen, MD

Alfredo Rivera, MD

Dipali Ruby Sahoo, DO

Upinder Singh, MD, CMD, AGSF, FACP


Mark Trolice, MD, FACOG, FACS, FACE

Stephen Weis, DO

Albert Yurvati, DO, PhD, FACOS, FICS, FAHA

Thomas Alexander, MD

Clara Alvarez-Villalba, MD, FAPA

Scarlet Benson, MD

Brian Childs, PhD, HECC

Ettore Crimi, MD

Nicholas D'Angelo, MD

Scott Duncan, MD, MPH, MBA

Mike Flynn, PhD

Tarun Ghosh, MD

Scott Gutovitz, MD, FACEP

Karen Harris, MD, MPH

Jeffery Huang, MD

Ethan Kass, DO

John Kirkland, PhD, MD, FACS, FSVS

Karthik Krishnamurthy, DO, FAOCD, FAAD

Tulisa LaRocca, MD, FACP

Shannon McNabb, MA, MPH

Salman Muddassir, MD

Michelle Ozcan, MD

Michael Pesce, MD, JD

Rakesh Prashad, MD

Jamal Rahimi, MD, FACEP

Javier Rosario, MD, FACEP

Eric Shaw, PhD, MA

Shala Sundaram, MD, FAAFP

Stephen Thacker, MD, FAAP

Steve Warrington, MD, MEd, FACEP

Brian Wood, DO, DFAPA

Fellows and Residents Advisory Board

Som Aftabizadeh, DO

Stephanie Baker, DO

Angela Chang, MD

Sriramya Gayam, MBBS

Leah Grossman, MD

Joyce Ho, MD

Tianyu Jiang, DO

Sheliza Kabani, MD

Avi Landman, MD

Luke Miller, MD

Kamal Mohiuddin, MD

Hiren Patel, MBBS

Fergie Ramos Taurez, MD

Mehboob Rehan, MBBS

Youssef Shaban, DO

Benjamin Sinyor, MD

Kunjan Udani, MBBS

Seetha Venkateswaran, MD

Amanda Webb, MD

Risiq Zackria, DO

Niazi Anum, MD

Kevin Carr, MD

Nick Christenson, MD, MPH, MBA

Sarah Graff, MD

Bassam Hanna, MD

Raul Isern, MD

Andre Johnson, MD, PhD

Mustafa Kinaan, MD

John McNeil, MD

Odinaka Mogor, MD

Kristina Nakonechnaya, DO

Brett Prestia, DO

Abby Regan, DO

Chandra Sanwal, DO

Ashish Sharma, MD

Kara Stout, DO, MPH

Pratikkumar Vekaria, MD, MADS

Sahityan Viswanathan, MBBS