Flash Pulmonary Edema: A Case and Review of Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy
cardiomyopathies/physiology/etiology/genetics; arrhythmia; pulmonary edema/etiology; echocardiography; spongiform cardiomyopathy; LVNC; inborn genetic diseases
Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases | Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities | Internal Medicine
Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy is an uncommon type of cardiomyopathy caused by malformation of the myocardium during embryogenesis. This results in trabeculations within the ventricular wall that can affect the left and, less commonly, right ventricles. Presentation ranges from clinically asymptomatic to life-threatening arrhythmias. It is a rare and relatively unknown form of cardiomyopathy, though thought to be underdiagnosed. Prevalence is increasing due to improvements in imaging and awareness. Management is similar to that of other cardiomyopathies including angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, diuretics, automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator placement and cardiac transplantation. We present a case of a 38-year-old, otherwise healthy, Indian male who presented with flash pulmonary edema and was found to have left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy. This report includes a review of left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy.
Watts, Paula J.; Garbo, Oliver S.; Barrett, Wendy; Kopstein, Michael; Maybrook, Ryan; and Scherbak, Dmitriy
"Flash Pulmonary Edema: A Case and Review of Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Cardiomyopathy,"
HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine: Vol. 1:
4, Article 5.
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.hcahealthcare.com/hcahealthcarejournal/vol1/iss4/5
Figure 1. Parasternal short axis view
Figure 2.TIFF (253 kB)
Figure 2. Apical long axis view
Figure 3.TIFF (252 kB)
Figure 3. Apical 2-chamber view
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Figure 4. Apical 4-chamber view
Figure 5.TIFF (429 kB)
Figure 5. Apical 4-chamber view
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