graduate medical education; medical education/methods; leadership; leadership/psychology; leadership skills; management; physicians/organization & administration; communication; emotional intelligence


Adult and Continuing Education | Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching | Interprofessional Education | Medical Education | Other Teacher Education and Professional Development


Though they become responsible for leading teams and supervising more junior learners early in their career, physicians receive little formal leadership training. The “see one, do one, teach one” approach to behavioral modeling and mentorship does not serve the modern young physician well. The complex nature of modern healthcare demands that physicians learn to work within the teams they will often come to lead. Within these teams, members often look to physicians to fill leadership roles. This review will examine effective leadership as defined by the business community, review attempts to incorporate leadership training into graduate medical education programs and discuss the benefits of leadership training in medical residency programs.