low back pain; low back pain/therapy; conservative management; pragmatic approach; therapeutic exercise; therapeutics; exercise therapy; chronic pain; acute pain


Musculoskeletal Diseases | Other Medical Sciences | Other Rehabilitation and Therapy | Physical Therapy | Primary Care


Low back pain (LBP) is frequently encountered in outpatient clinics and affects individual patients and society in general with decreased physical function, quality of life, disability, and/or economic burden. Although most acute LBP resolves on its own, recurrent and chronic LBP is a common reason for outpatient clinic visits. This review explores pragmatic approaches to LBP in the clinical setting, focusing on recognizing prognostic factors, initial approaches to evaluation, including selective imaging, and conservative management including patient education, therapeutic exercises and bracing.