Unconscious bias, healthcare disparities, health equity, COVID-19, vaccination


Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Infectious Disease | Internal Medicine | Medical Humanities | Patient Safety | Virus Diseases


With more than 22% of the United States still not vaccinated for COVID-19, we are trying to shed some light on whether there is any bias when treating unvaccinated COVID-19 patients. We highlight several reports where some individuals or organizations displayed possible bias, whether implicit or explicit. We examine the legal and ethical implications of these biases and offer a general overview of how to tackle them.


Made use of COVID-19 consistent. Made color change to make figure more readable.