research peer review; scholarly activity; scholarly communication; journal; graduate medical education; GME; publishing


Medical Education | Medicine and Health Sciences


Among the pillars of science is the galvanizing process of peer review. Editors of medical and scientific publications recruit specialty leaders to evaluate the quality of manuscripts. These peer reviewers help to ensure that data are collected, analyzed, and interpreted as accurately as possible, thereby moving the field forward and ultimately improving patient care. As physician-scientists, we are given the opportunity and responsibility to participate in the peer review process. There are many benefits to engaging in the peer review process including exposure to cutting-edge research, growing your connection with the academic community, and fulfilling the scholarly activity requirements of your accrediting organization. In the present manuscript, we discuss the key components of the peer review process and hope that it will serve as a primer for the novice reviewer and as a useful guide for the experienced reviewer.