graduate medical education; internship and residency; American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination; ABSITE; general surgery; educational measurement; graduate records examination


Medical Education | Surgery



We endeavored to create an evidence-based curriculum to improve general surgery resident fund of knowledge. Global and resident-specific interventions were employed to this end. These interventions were monitored via multiple choice question results on a weekly basis and American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) performance.


This study was performed in a prospective manner over a 2-year period. A structured textbook review with testing was implemented for all residents. A focused textbook question-writing assignment and a Surgical Council on Resident Education (SCORE)-based individualized learning plan (ILP) were implemented for residents scoring below the 35th percentile on the ABSITE.


Curriculum implementation resulted in a statistically significant reduction in the number of residents scoring below the 35th percentile, from 50% to 30.8% (P = .023). One hundred percent of residents initially scoring below the 35th percentile were successfully remediated over the study period. Average overall program ABSITE percentile scores increased from 38.5% to 51.4% over a 2-year period.


Structured textbook review and testing combined with a question-writing assignment and a SCORE-focused ILP successfully remediated residents scoring below the 35th percentile and improved general surgery residency ABSITE performance.